Torticollis: what it is, symptoms, causes and treatment

 Torticollis: what it is, symptoms, causes and treatment

Lena Fisher

Waking up with a stiff neck, feeling intense pain, and not being able to move your head to the side - has this ever happened to you? This problem, also called torticollis, is very common.

What is torticollis?

Torticollis is an involuntary contraction of the neck muscles, caused by a muscle spasm in the region.

Thus, torticollis hinders the blood supply to the neck, leading to intense pain. In addition, it is so disabling that it prevents the neck from moving.

Read also: Muscle spasms: what they are what causes them

Types of torticollis

  • Acute It usually lasts a few hours or disappears with the use of ointments, gels, or compresses;
  • Spasmodic occurs suddenly and is caused by sudden movements;
  • Congenital This is a rarer type, caused by the position of the child during birth.


In addition, of course, to neck pain, torticollis includes other symptoms, so check out the main ones:

  • Pain in the side of the neck;
  • Difficulty moving your head;
  • Back pain;
  • Rigidity;
  • Headache;
  • One shoulder higher than the other;
  • Head tremors.


In general, torticollis can arise for several reasons, but stress and other emotional tensions are the main reasons for the development of the problem, because when we are stressed, for example, the neck muscles become more rigid.

Torticollis can also occur due to other factors, such as:

  • Trauma;
  • Infections of the respiratory system;
  • Congenital problems;
  • Medications.


Although most of the time it gets better in less than 24 hours, torticollis can last up to five days. But if this happens, the ideal is to seek medical evaluation to assess the causes and have the proper treatment.

To treat the pain, alternatives may be recommended, such as massages with ointment or gel, compresses with warm water and medicines.

How to avoid

The most important tip to avoid torticollis and other back problems is to adopt good posture.

So if you are working from home, remember to take breaks to stand up. Stretching is also a must to prevent muscle injuries.


viva SP Institute

Lena Fisher

Lena Fisher is a wellness enthusiast, certified nutritionist, and author of the popular health and well-being blog. With over a decade of experience in the field of nutrition and health coaching, Lena has dedicated her career to helping people achieve their optimal health and live their best life possible. Her passion for wellness has led her to explore various approaches to achieving overall health, including diet, exercise, and mindfulness practices. Lena's blog is a culmination of her years of research, experience, and personal journey towards finding balance and well-being. Her mission is to inspire and empower others to make positive changes in their lives and embrace a healthy lifestyle. When she's not writing or coaching clients, you can find Lena practicing yoga, hiking the trails, or experimenting with new healthy recipes in the kitchen.