The concern with skin health goes far beyond aesthetic issues. Thus, it is important to know which steps to follow and the appropriate products for your skin type. Dermatologist Luciana Garbelini explains the ideal step by step of a skincare for those with oily skin.
How to know my skin type?
There are four types of skin: normal, dry, oily, and combination. Each one of them has specificities that require different care.
"In some cases, you notice an oily feel when you run your hand over your face. In addition, another characteristic of oily skin is enlarged pores, as well as the appearance of acne and blackheads," he says.
Oily skin care
Besides certain cosmetics, there are habits that aggravate oiliness, so it is important to look for ways to prevent the sebaceous glands from working in a way that makes skin look even greasier.
"A healthy and balanced diet, with nutrients rich in vitamins and minerals, such as fruits, vegetables, greens, and drinking, on average, two liters of water a day are health care, but they reflect directly on the skin," he highlights.
According to Luciana, the residue of the products can clog the pores, increasing oiliness and the risk of blackheads and pimples.
In addition, the professional recommends washing the face at least twice a day: in the morning and at night. protector solar oil free and dry touch", he adds.
Read also: What are the worst foods for oily skin?
Skincare is a daily habit, which brings visible results when done correctly and with quality products. In the case of oily skin, there are some specific steps that must be followed to achieve a healthy and beautiful skin.
The dermatologist emphasizes, above all, the importance of cleansing in a skincare routine for those with oily skin: "It is through cleansing that the pores are cleared of keratin and oil that occur naturally in the cell renewal process," she explains.
For this, it is worth betting on a soap or cleaning gel According to the professional, options with salicylic acid or glycolic acid are good choices.
Hot water, especially in winter, can cause the rebound effect, since the high temperature of the water causes the skin to dry out. Consequently, the skin mechanism understands it as a sign of lack of sebum, generating more oiliness", she says.
This step helps to eliminate possible residues that were not removed only by washing the face. astringent tonic Thus, this product helps minimize the production of sebum," he says.
Hydration is important for all skin types, including oily ones, so there is no need to fear this skincare step. In fact, skipping it worsens facial oiliness, since the body tends to produce even more sebum.
"What makes the difference in these cases is choosing the moisturizer Lighter options, such as serum are recommended," he explains.
Finally, it is essential to apply sunscreen. In addition to protecting against UVA and UVB rays, it also helps control skin oiliness. oil free In addition, it is worth remembering to reapply the product throughout the day," he says.
There is also the treatment stage, which concerns the use of specific products (usually at night) that aim to improve certain skin characteristics - such as the reduction of pores and/or the diminution of spots caused by pimples, depending on the active ingredient chosen.
Salicylic and glycolic acids Both stimulate the cell renewal process, thus improving the appearance of the skin. Consult a dermatologist to understand if they are right for you!
Unlike cleansing, toning, moisturizing and sun protection, the exfoliation This step helps remove dead skin cells and, because it is a deeper pore cleansing, should be performed once a week. This practice will help leave the skin better prepared to absorb the products.
Top products for oily skin
According to the dermatologist, there are four products that are indispensable in the skincare routine for oily skin:
- Soap or cleansing gel;
- Water or micellar solution;
Products to avoid
Some cosmetics, on the other hand, should not be part of the skincare routine for oily skin, since they can cause the reverse effect, leaving you with a greasier appearance. They are:
- More dense moisturizers, such as creams;
- Sunscreen with oil or other substances that stimulate the sebaceous glands.
Makeup for oily skin
In addition to wearing makeup sparingly and always removing it at the end of the day, those with oily skin should also pay attention to the products they choose. Above all, they need to take good care of their skin on a daily basis and prepare it properly to receive the makeup.
"When it comes to products, give preference to lighter options, with no oil in their composition and with a matte because they help leave the skin dull," suggests the professional.
Triggers for oily skin
According to Luciana, hormonal changes, genetics, and climate are three factors that affect the production of sebum. In addition, poor diet, based on excessive consumption of fat, sugar, salt, fried and processed foods, also increases the chances of oiliness.
Following the skincare steps for oily skin in the right measure is essential, since both scarcity and excess bring harm to: "Excessive cleansing interferes with your oiliness, because it removes its natural protection and removes excess oil. With this, the body produces more sebum in order to restore this balance," she says.
The use of inadequate cosmetics is another trigger for the increase of sebum. For this reason, Luciana recommends always following up with a dermatologist, so that the professional can indicate the best strategy for each case.
Luciana Garbelini (CRM 152.625 RQE 62.093), dermatologist graduated from the University of Santo Amaro; medical residency in Dermatology at the University of Santo Amaro, postgraduate in cosmiatry and aesthetics at the Superior Institute of Medicine and member of the Brazilian Society of Dermatology.