High Uric Acid: What it means, symptoms, and what to eat

 High Uric Acid: What it means, symptoms, and what to eat

Lena Fisher

If you perform tests to check the health If the levels of uric acid are within the expected range, it is usually ignored. But if the result is high uric acid, the question of what to do about it soon arises. concern What does this mean? Understand, then, better:

High Uric Acid: What it is

According to physician José Carlos Souto, president-director of the Brazilian Low Carb Association (ABLC), it is a by-product of metabolism of purines, compounds made up of nitrogenous bases (i.e., proteins) present in the DNA of humans, animals, and plants. seafood .

Part of the uric acid is eliminated by the kidneys through urine, while the rest remains circulating in the bloodstream.

Many factors can cause uric acid levels to rise, and the fact can impair some characteristics of our health. For example, it can affect the elimination of extra substances by the kidneys, lead to the accumulation of the by-product in the joints (and harm them) and, in more serious cases, cause a disease known as gout.

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A diet rich in sugars, refined carbohydrates and some types of proteins (especially those rich in saturated fats ) can boost blood levels of this substance. alcoholic beverages This is due both to the increased production of urate and the reduced elimination of urate.

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High Uric Acid: Symptoms

Thus, the main signs of the problem involve:

  • Difficulty in moving the affected joint;
  • Pain and swelling in a specific joint (usually in the big toe, ankle, and knee);
  • Redness and warm skin in the area;
  • Deformation in the joint;
  • Renal calculus .

Diagnosis

The uric acid test can be performed by blood or urine tests. The uric acid test is usually ordered by the doctor when the patient presents with joint pain or when more serious diseases are suspected, such as kidney damage or leukemia .

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Treatment

Some changes in the patient's lifestyle help reduce high uric acid:

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  • Drink adequate amounts of water daily;
  • Decrease (or cut down) the consumption of alcoholic beverages;
  • Moderate intake of processed foods and rich in purine;
  • Make an abundance of diuretic ingredients and sources of vitamin C .

High Uric Acid: What to Eat

According to the doctor, "sugar consumption produces acute elevations in uric acid levels," so avoid all foods rich in this ingredient:

  • Too much red meat (especially fatty meat);
  • Shellfish, mussels, mackerel, sardines, herring, and other fish;
  • Drinks, beer, and wine;
  • Giblets: liver, gizzard, and kidneys;
  • Soft drinks and industrialized juices ;
  • Cookies, cookies, and candies;
  • Ultra-processed foods and sausages (sausage, bologna, bacon, turkey breast);
  • Fruit that is too sweet or too ripe.

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On the other hand, prioritize:

  • Diuretics : watermelon, cucumber, celery, and garlic;
  • Fruits and vegetables.

Source: José Carlos Souto, physician and director-president of the Brazilian Low Carb Association (ABLC).

Lena Fisher

Lena Fisher is a wellness enthusiast, certified nutritionist, and author of the popular health and well-being blog. With over a decade of experience in the field of nutrition and health coaching, Lena has dedicated her career to helping people achieve their optimal health and live their best life possible. Her passion for wellness has led her to explore various approaches to achieving overall health, including diet, exercise, and mindfulness practices. Lena's blog is a culmination of her years of research, experience, and personal journey towards finding balance and well-being. Her mission is to inspire and empower others to make positive changes in their lives and embrace a healthy lifestyle. When she's not writing or coaching clients, you can find Lena practicing yoga, hiking the trails, or experimenting with new healthy recipes in the kitchen.